VIETNAM

Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea famous for its beautiful beaches, rivers, and Buddhist temples. There are many great Vietnam tour packages that you can take in a small nation that has noisy cities like Hanoi - the capital. With its 3,000-kilometer tropical coastline, Vietnam offers lovely food and a captivating culture, making travelers come here. There is a lot in this country that needs to explore and discover the eye of the tourist. Vietnam has the oldest cultures in Southeast Asia, dating back to 2000 BC, with a complex history starting from the original Dong Son culture and mediating thousands of years. This country has been varied by the beautiful cultures of Khmer, Chinese and Indian cultures, you may also find a glimpse of French colonialism. From food lovers to beach bouncers, from art lovers to culture lovers and adventure seekers - Vietnam has everything to offer. For history, Ho Chi Minh fans visit a huge marble mausoleum and greet national leaders. Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, is a French colonial landmark that will take you to the French era. To witness the peak of wars and history visit museums history of the Vietnam War and C? Chi tunnels used by Viet Cong soldiers. All this in this stunning country is full of enthusiasm and tremendous traditions. Many tour operators and companies may design a specific tour for you depending on your interest. Vietnam is a real gem hidden in Southeast Asian countries with a blend of architectural heritage with about 8 UNESCO World Heritage sites such as Halong Bay, Phong Nha Ke Bang, Hoi An Ancient Street, and Cham Islands. These sites are famous for their beauty and heritage. Check out our choice of the best Vietnamese tour packages for a fun holiday here.

KEY FACTS

Capital: Hanoi
Airport: Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân Bay Quốc Tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in Vietnam regarding total capacity. It is also the second busiest airport in Vietnam after Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
City Code : Ho Chi Minh City - 8, Hanoi - 4
Country Code: 84
Credit Cards: Some hotels and restaurants in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi accept Visa and MasterCard.
Currency: Dong (D)
Departure Tax: Departure tax is included with your international airfare
Drives on the: Right
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50 Hz
Ethnic Groups: Kinh, Hmong, Dao, Tay, Thai, and Nung
Location: Southeast Asia.
Official Language(s): Vietnamese is the official language, some French, English, Russian, and Chinese
Religion: Buddhist, Taoist, Confucian, Catholic, Hoa Hoa, Caodaist
Time Zone: GMT +7
Tipping: Generally, tipping is not expected in Vietnam, but is very much appreciated and even a few USD goes a long way. On a private tour, we suggest you tip your tour guide around USD 3-5 per person per day and $1-2 for your driver. In most restaurants, a 5-10% service charge is added to the bill. You could tip around 5-10% of the bill if the service charge is not added.

Ha Long Bay 
Ha Long Bay is situated in north Vietnam round a 120-kilometer long coastline and is translated as “Bay of Descending Dragons”. The top tourist attraction in Vietnam, Ha Long Bay features thousands of islands, each topped with thick jungle vegetation, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Several of the islands are hollow, with enormous caves, others islands include lakes and some support floating villages of fishermen.

Hoan Kiem Lake (Hanoi) 
Located in the historical center of Hanoi, Hoan Kiem Lake is one of the major scenic spots in the city and serves as the locals’ favorite leisure spot. Hoan Kiem means “returned sword”, and the name comes from a legend in which King Le Loi was given a magical sword by the gods, which he used to drive out the invading Chinese. Later he returned the sword to the Golden Turtle God in the lake.

Sa Pa Terraces 
Sa Pa is a town in northwest Vietnam not far from the Chinese border. Rice terraces can be found in the Muong Hoa valley between Sa Pa town and the Fansipan Mountain, on a backdrop of thick bamboo woodlands. Local mountain people, the Hmong, Giay, Dao, Tay, and Giay, grow rice and corn on these paddy terraces, along with vegetables.

Mekong Delta 
The Mekong Delta is the region in southern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea. It is a vibrant and lush area, covered with rice fields, that produces about half of the total of Vietnam’s agricultural output. Subsequently, life in the Mekong Delta revolves much around the river, and all the villages are often accessible by river rather than by road.

Cu Chi Tunnels 
The Cu Chi Tunnels are an immense network of connecting underground tunnels located about 40 km northwest of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). The tunnels were used by Viet Cong guerrillas as hiding spots during the Vietnam War and were the base of operations for the Tết Offensive in 1968. The tunnels have become a popular tourist attraction, and visitors are invited to crawl around in the safer parts of the tunnel system.

Temple of Literature (Hanoi) 
In the city of Hanoi, there is an incredible temple dedicated to Confucius. Built in the 11th century, the Temple of Literature honors scholars and the many academic achievements of the Vietnamese, past and present. The Temple of Literature was even the site of the very first university in the nation. Among countless statues of Confucius and his disciples, there are impressive pagodas and a pond known as the Well of Heavenly Clarity.

Tam Coc 
n the Ninh Binh province of Northern Vietnam near is Tam Coc, which translates to English as three caves. The three caves are nestled in a scenic landscape of limestone cliffs and rice paddies, and the river winds through the region. The caves are called Hang Cả, Hang Hai, and Hang Ba, and they serve as the area’s main attraction. Guided boat tours take you to the caves and along the Ngo Dong River, which is often dotted with floating vendors capitalizing on the tourist visiting on a day trip from Hanoi.

Festivals in Vietnam offer visitors the best opportunity for getting up close and personal with the myths, customs and fun-loving spirit of this proud nation. Despite undergoing modern developments, Vietnam is still a predominantly traditional country, with thousands of pagodas and shrines dedicated to Buddha as well as various deities and iconic figures.

Tet Nguyen Dan (Lunar New Year) 
January/February 
Lunar New Year, locally called Tet, is the biggest festival of the year with the whole country downing tools for family get-togethers. Principally a religious celebration, don’t expect too much of a wild party, but it’s still a fascinating time to visit Vietnam and you’ll certainly find locals lighting fireworks, visiting temples with their families, and the exciting sight of many flower stalls set up as giving flowers is customary during Tet.

Hue Festival 
April/May/June every two years 
Hue Festival is a biannual celebration that takes place in UNESCO-listed Hue City, where you can enjoy an array of cultural events, games, and performances held over a week. Founded in 2000, the festival was held to preserve traditional customs that were practiced during the Nguyen Dynasty. If you’re visiting Hue in April, May or June, expect unique showcases such as the Hue Poetry Festival, Dialogue of Drums and Percussions, and Ao Dai Fashion Shows, sporting activities like kite flying, boat racing, and human chess, as well as street performances, film screenings, and art exhibitions.

Perfume Festival 
Mid-February/March 
Perfume Festival draws throngs of local pilgrims from all over Vietnam to Hanoi’s iconic Perfume Pagoda, where they to pray for a prosperous year and pay their respects to Buddha. The pilgrimage starts with a dragon dance at Den Trinh Pagoda on the 15th day of the 1st Lunar, where pilgrims (and even travelers) travel by boat along the Yen River to the base of Huong Mountain, passing by limestone caves and rice fields. The journey continues on foot by climbing hundreds of stone steps towards Huong Tich Cave, offering a colorful display of food offerings, statues of deities, lit incenses, and praying locals.

Mid-Autumn Festival 
Mid-September 
Mid-Autumn Festival, held on the 14th and 15th day of the lunar month, features a wide range of activities such as children carrying paper lanterns, lion dances, and food booths selling mooncakes, sticky rice, fruits, and various sweets. Also known as the harvest festival, households set up an altar during the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, on which they display offerings in honor of the full moon.

Hung King Temple Festival 
Early April 
Hung King Temple Festival is held in commemoration of Kinh Duong Vuong, who became Vietnam’s first king in 2879BC. While the main worship event takes place at the Hung Temple, which is perched atop Nghia Linh Mountain in Phu Tho Province, 100 lanterns are released into the sky on the eve of the festival. The next morning, a flower ceremony is held at Den Thuong (Upper Temple), where the Hung Kings used to worship deities during their reign. Lastly, a vast procession starts at the foot of the mountain, consisting of pilgrims, xoan classical song performances, and ca tru classical operas at several temples along the way towards the main Hung Temple.

Lim Festival 
Mid-February

Lim Festival is where you can enjoy UNESCO-listed quan ho folk singing performances and a wide range of traditional games during your visit. Held on the 12th and 13th day of the first lunar month, several stages are built within the village where you get to see locals performing in traditional costumes. We highly recommend heading over to the lake outside the Lim Communal House to catch quan ho singing performance on a dragon boat. Lim Festival also hosts folk games such as danh du (bamboo swings), cockfighting, tug-of-war, wrestling, human chess, and blind man’s bluff.

Wandering Souls Day 
Early September 
The annual Wandering Souls Day takes place on the 15th day of the 7th lunar month, which locals believe is the day when spirits of their ancestors are able to visit their homes. On the eve of the festival, families flock to Buddhist temples and graves of their departed loved ones to offer prayers, flowers, sticky rice cakes, sugarcane, and fruits. Paper money and clothes are also burned during this time of the year.

Hoi An Lantern Festival 14th day of every month 
Hoi An Lantern Festival is a monthly event that transforms the quaint UNESCO World Heritage Site into a spectacular display of paper lanterns. On the 14th day of each lunar month, every shop, restaurant, bar and businesses in the Ancient Town switches off all electricity and relies on hundreds of candles and lanterns. Meanwhile, entrance to all temples is free of charge, where you can see monks and locals holding candlelit ceremonies.

Buddha’s Birthday 
Early May 
Buddha’s Birthday is celebrated by devotees throughout Vietnam, despite being a communist country. Taking place on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month, many temples are adorned with lavish decorations with locals offering fruit, flower garlands, and various Vietnamese dishes. This event often draws thousands of visitors looking to partake in street parades and prayer sessions.

Phu Giay Festival 
Late March to Early April Phu Giay Festival draws in worshippers of the goddess Lieu Hanh to Phu Giay Pagoda, where they pray for good fortune whilst carrying decorated bamboo relics and wearing traditional costumes. Located 88km east of Hanoi, the temple also hosts various games such as capture-the-flag, human chess, lion dancing, and wrestling, resulting in a vibrant atmosphere throughout the day. Visitors can also enjoy folk dance and classical songs such as trong quan, cheo (satirical musical theatre) and ca tru (chamber music).

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Best Season:Year Round
Popular Location: Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Cu Chi Tunnels, Halong Bay, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, My Son, Sapa Countryside, Nha Trang,

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